Global Standardization Activities
Report of the 4th Meeting of the APT Preparatory Group for WTSA-20
In preparation for the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) of the International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T), the 4th meeting of the Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT) Preparatory Group for WTSA-20 (APT WTSA20-4) was held in an online conference from November 16 to 20, 2020. This article reports the results of APT WTSA20-4 and the schedule for the WTSA.
Keywords: APT, WTSA-20, TSAG
The Asia-Pacific Telecommunity (APT) is an international organization promoting developments in the information and communication technology (ICT) field in the Asia-Pacific region. It was established in 1979 and has 38 member countries in the region. The APT has been holding preparatory meetings to discuss the APT Common Proposal (ACP) for the World Telecommunication Standardization Assembly (WTSA) of the International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T). Four meetings of the APT Preparatory Group were planned for WTSA-20, and the 1st meeting was held in June 2019 in Akihabara, Japan. Other meetings had been scheduled to be held in Thailand, China, and the Philippines. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the plan was revised, and the second and subsequent meetings were all held online.
Participants registered for the 4th meeting of the APT Preparatory Group for WTSA-20 (APT WTSA20-4) held from November 16 to 20, 2020 were 235 members (16 countries) from APT member countries, 25 associate and supporting members, 22 representatives from other international standardization organizations, and 7 from the APT Secretariat, a total of 289 participants. An analysis by country shows that 59 participants, 1/4 of the total, were from China. The number of participants from emerging countries, such as Thailand, Malaysia, India, and Indonesia, is also increasing. From Japan, the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, as the representative, participated with 14 representatives from private companies.
2. Management team of the APT Preparatory Group for WTSA-20
The list of officers at the APT Preparatory Group for WTSA-20 is shown in Table 1. As the chairmen and vice-chairmen of the three Working Groups (WGs), which promote detailed discussions on specific issues, three experts (Mr. Naganuma (NEC), Mr. Araki (NTT), the author of this article, Mr. Hondo (KDDI)) were selected from Japan. Accordingly, Japan serves as WG officers while maintaining cooperative relations with China, the Republic of Korea, and India.
3. Study items and work method
WTSA-20 is a general meeting of ITU-T that is held once every four years. It is an important meeting for organizing the ITU-T Study Groups (SGs) after 2021, selecting the positions of chairmen and vice-chairmen of SGs, and preparing Resolutions on standardization strategy such as on artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), smart cities, Beyond 5G (fifth-generation mobile communications), and quantum communications, which are recent standardization topics in ITU-T.
In the APT Preparatory Group, three WGs share the task of drafting and examining relevant Resolution documents and draft Recommendations and discuss issues on the basis of the contributions from each country in accordance with the Terms of References of each WG.
Proposals that have reached consensus at the WG meeting will be considered as candidate proposals for approval at the plenary. The candidate proposals, which were approved at the closing plenary of the APT Preparatory Group meeting, became the Preliminary APT Common Proposal (PACP). The PACP, which was approved by the administrations of APT member countries, will then be the final ACP.
The approval of a PACP is based on the agreement reached at the plenary. However, if there is a disagreement, the approval of at least 25% of the countries attending the plenary is necessary. If the number of dissenting countries is not more than the number of countries supporting the approval, the PACP will be adopted.
The conditions for approval of an ACP are as follows: all APT member states (38 countries) are consulted on the approval of the ACP (endorsement); more than 25% of the APT member states (10 countries) approve the ACP; and more than 50% of the APT member states (19 countries) do not oppose the ACP. The approved proposal is submitted to the WTSA as an ACP.
4. Results of discussion
(1) WG1: ITU-T Working Methods
WG1 is considering modification (MOD) or suppression (SUP) of the WTSA Resolution on ITU-T working methods. Since the revision of the ITU-T A series Recommendations (e.g. Recommendations A.1, A.7) requires consideration at the Telecommunication Standardization Advisory Group (TSAG) meeting, WG1 prepared APT Views, which is a document type that enables submission of contributions to TSAG.
Regarding the deliverables from WG1, eight proposed PACPs were prepared and approved at the plenary. The proposed PACPs related to the MOD of Resolutions 22 (Resolution on the authorization of TSAG) and 32 (Resolution on electronic working method) and SUP of Resolutions 35 (Appointment and Term of ITU-T SG and TSAG Chairmen and Vice-Chairmen) and 45 (Resolution on coordination of standardization work across SGs) are based on the Japanese proposal, and Japan is in charge of editing the proposal documents.
(2) WG2: ITU-T Work Organization
WG2 is studying the structure of ITU-T SGs, including the work plans and Questions to be addressed by each SG. New standardization work items are also discussed in WG2 as they are closely related to the future SG structure.
New Resolutions were proposed regarding new work items by China and the Republic of Korea, including pandemic countermeasures including e-health for new coronavirus infections by using AI in ICT, promotion of studies on machine vision, enhancement of studies on quantum information technology, and examination of future networks considering vertical applications. However, it was argued that it was too early to draw up a resolution, and some countries opposed the new Resolution since it is closely related to the work items in ITU-T SG11, SG13, and SG16, that each SG is currently studying these new work items, and that these new work items are being continuously examined by the Focus Group. At the closing plenary session, more than one country expressed their concern on the proposed Resolutions. Regarding the new Resolution, WG2 was able to agree only on the PACP of the Resolution “ITU-T’s role in facilitating the use of ICTs to prevent the spread of global pandemics,” which is an important issue related to new coronavirus infections. WG2 also agreed with a proposal on the MOD of the existing Resolution 78 on e-health.
Regarding the principle of SG restructuring, the APT View was agreed on the basis of a proposal from China, which was based on the seven high-level principles for SG structure* agreed upon at WTSA-16.
With respect to SG restructuring proposals, at the TSAG meeting, the TSB (Telecommunication Standardization Bureau) Director proposed a draft of the SG structure (Food for thought), and the proposal to drastically reduce the number of SGs from the current 11 is under consideration at other regional meetings such as the European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations (CEPT) in Europe. At the APT, there were opinions in favor of reducing the number of SGs, such as those from the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, and Indonesia. At this meeting, Japan proposed an SG structure. However, proposals to partially transfer SG20 IoT security issues (Question 6/SG20) to SG17 and SG2 are included, which would maintain the number of existing SGs. With the support of China and the consent of the Republic of Korea and Malaysia, the proposal was agreed as an ACP. Since discussions on SG restructuring are closely related to the election of the SG chair and vice-chair, it is necessary to understand the circumstances of each country and region and take further actions toward the conclusion of the WTSA.
(3) WG3: Regulatory/Policy and Standardization Related Issues
The number of PACPs agreed in the closing plenary of this meeting was 29 for revisions to existing Resolutions and 5 for APT View. The PACPs for the agreed revisions of Resolutions and Recommendations are listed in Table 2.
5. Future plans
In APT WTSA20-4, discussions on a substantial PACP were completed, but the WTSA was postponed until March 2022. Accordingly, it was proposed and approved to hold an additional meeting of the APT Preparatory Group for WTSA-20 in 2021. The schedule of future WTSA-related meetings is listed in Table 3. At the APT Preparatory Group meeting in 2021, APT policy for WTSA will be discussed. Discussions will be held on how to deal with the upcoming TSAG meeting, and common proposals from other regional standardization organizations to the WTSA will be analyzed.